Wildmind Buddhist Meditation

Walking Meditation

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How to do walking meditation

Walking meditation - footprints on beachI believe that the best way to learn this practice is to be led through it. In one way this practice is simpler than any of the others we teach on Wildmind: one simply takes one’s awareness through one’s experience while walking. But in other ways it’s more complex — simply because there is a lot you can be aware of while doing walking meditation.

So it’s easiest to be talked through the practice. I’ve prepared an audio CD that will guide you through the practice, in a guided meditation lasting just under 20 minutes.

You can also try walking meditation on your own. To give you an idea of what this practice involves, you might want to read this transcript, which represents the kind of thing I generally say when leading walking meditation. There is a CD available which contains a guided session of walking meditation, as well as other meditation practices.

Walking: The Ultimate Exercise for Optimum Health is available on our online store.


So, to begin this period of walking meditation, first of all let’s simply stand. Just stand on the spot, being aware of your weight being transferred through the soles of your feet into the earth. Being aware of all of the subtle movements that go on in order to keep us balanced and upright. Very often we take this for granted, our ability to be able to stand upright. But actually, it took us a couple of years to learn how to do this. So be aware of the constant adjustments that you’re making in order to maintain your balance.


And then you can begin to walk at a fairly slow but normal walking pace, and in a normal manner. We’re not going to be changing the way that we walk; we’re simply going to be aware of it.

Awareness of your body

So first of all, keep in attention in the soles of your feet, being aware of the alternating patterns of contact and release; being aware of your foot as the heel first makes contact, as your foot rolls forward onto the ball, and then lifts and travels through the air. Be aware of all the different sensations in your feet, not just a contact in the soles of your feet but the contact between the toes, the feeling of the inside of your shoes, the fabric of your socks, and let your feet be as relaxed as you can. Become aware of your ankles. Notice the qualities of the sensations in those joints – as your foot is on the ground, as your foot travels through the air.

And let your ankle joints be relaxed – make sure you’re not holding on in any way. You can become aware of your lower legs – your shins, your calves. You can be aware of the contact with your clothing: be aware of the temperature on your skin; you can be aware of the muscles. And notice what the calf muscles are doing as you’re walking. You might even want to exaggerate for a few steps what the calf muscles are doing – just so that you can connect with that – and then let your walking go back to a normal relaxed rhythm. Encourage your calf muscles to be relaxed.

And then become aware of your knees- noticing the qualities of the sensations in your knee joints. Then expand your awareness into your thighs. Being aware of the skin, again the contact with your clothing, the temperature. Being aware of the muscles, and noticing what the muscles on the fronts of the thighs, and the muscles on the backs of the thighs are doing. And once more you might want for a few paces just to exaggerate what those muscles are doing – exaggerate the action of those muscles. And then letting your walk go back to a normal rhythm.

Becoming aware of your hips – the muscles around your hip joints — and relaxing those muscles. Really relax. Even when you think you’ve relaxed – relax them some more. And just notice how that changes your walk. Notice how the rhythm and the gait of your walk change as your hips relax. You can be aware of the whole of your pelvis – and notice all of the movements that are going on your pelvis. One hip moves forward and then the other; one hip lifting, the other sinking.

And you can be aware of the complex three-dimensional shape that your pelvis is carving out through space as you walk forwards. The lowest part of your spine – your sacrum – is embedded in the pelvis. So as you feel your spine extending upwards – the lumbar spine, the thoracic spine – you can notice how it moves along with the pelvis. Your spine is in constant motion. It’s swaying from side to side. There is a twisting motion around the central axis. Your spine is in constant, sinuous, sensuous motion.

Notice your belly – you might feel your clothing in contact with your belly – and notice how your belly is the center of your body. Very often it feels like it’s “down there” because we are so much in our heads. So seek to what extent you can feel your belly is the center of your body, as the center of your being. Notice your chest, and just let your breathing happen. Notice the contact that your chest makes with your clothing. Noticing your shoulders. Notice how they are moving with the rhythm of your walking. Let your shoulders be relaxed, and let your shoulders passively transmit the rhythm of your walk down into your arms. Having your arms simply hanging by your sides and swinging naturally. Notice all the motions in your arms – your upper arms, your elbows, your forearms, your wrists, your hands. And feel the air coursing over the skin on your hands and fingers as your arms swing through the air.

Become aware of your neck – and the muscles supporting your skull. Notice the angle of your head. And notice that as you relax the muscles on the back of your neck, your chin slightly tucks in and your skull comes to a point of balance. And you might want to play around with the angle of your head and see how it changes your experience. You might notice that when you tuck your chin close into your chest, your experience becomes darker and more emotional – that you’re more inward turned, somber. And if you lift your chin and hold it in the air you might notice that your experience becomes much lighter – that you become much more aware of the outside world and perhaps caught up in the outside world, or much more aware of your thoughts and caught up in your thoughts. And then, bringing your head back to a point of balance, your chin slightly tucked in.

Relax your jaw. Relax your eyes — and just let your eyes be softly focused, gently looking ahead – not staring at anything, not allowing yourself to be caught up in anything that’s going past you.


You can be aware of the feelings that you’re having; not in terms of emotions here, but just the feeling tone. Are there things that feel pleasant; are there things that feel unpleasant – in your body, or outside of you. So if you notice things in your body that are pleasant or unpleasant, just notice them. Don’t either cling onto them, or push them away, but just notice them. If you notice things in the outside world that are either pleasant or unpleasant, just allow them to drift by – just noticing them to drift by without following them or averting your gaze from them.

Thoughts and Emotions

You can notice your emotional states. Are you bored? Are you content? Are you irritated? Are you feeling very happy to be doing what you’re doing. Again just noticing whatever emotions happen to be present. And notice your mind also. Is your mind clear, or dull? Is your mind busy, or is it calm? Are you thinking about things unconnected with this practice – or do whatever thoughts that you have center on what you’re doing just now. Just notice these things with no particular judgment – just noticing.

Balancing Inner and Outer

And you can notice the balance between your experience of the inner and the outer. I often find that if I can be aware of both the inner world and the outer world in equal balance, then my mind settles at a point of stillness, and calmness, and clarity.

So see if you can find that point of balance, where you’re equally aware of the inner and the outer, and your mind is calm, content, and quiet.


So, in a few seconds, I’m going to ask you to stop. And I’d like you to come to a natural halt. So, you’re not freezing on the spot; you’re just allowing yourself to come to a stop. So do that now; come to a stop. And just experience yourself standing. Just notice what it’s like to no longer be in motion. Notice once more the complex balancing act that’s going on to keep you upright. Feeling once again, the weight traveling down through the soles of your feet into the earth; simply standing, and experiencing yourself and, finally, bringing this meditation session to a close.



Comment from ashok kumar marupaka
Time: April 14, 2007, 8:39 am

Thank you for presenting meditation in an easy and practical way. I wish for many to benefit by thinking their thoughts rather than thoughts thinking for them. Regards.


Comment from Ermias afework
Time: August 18, 2007, 2:25 am

It is good ,before I knew only sitting meditation but now you make me to know walking meditation thanks


Comment from danny neumann
Time: March 5, 2008, 12:28 am

Thanks for this. I’m in a meditation class at Stanford, and as part of my final presentation I’m going to use this to lead the class through walking meditation.


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Time: May 13, 2008, 11:28 am

[…] It is a means to then be more fully alert to the events of the day.   There is also the walking meditation where the person consciously and deliberately attends to each breath and each movement of the body […]


Comment from J Campos
Time: August 7, 2008, 11:26 am

This excellent, & it gives me something to practice.


Comment from max cranford
Time: September 13, 2008, 12:09 pm

thank you so very much for giving me something to practice on a busy day. I’m sure this will enhance my meditation practice alot


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Time: December 2, 2008, 6:17 pm

[…] Walking Meditation: Easier for many people than sitting meditation, walking meditation is just as simple and has the added benefit of exercise. It can be done outdoors or inside. It can involve walking in a pattern–a square or circle, walking a labrynth shape (which is found in many churches and meditation centers), or just free walking outside. It involves keeping the eyes open, focusing on the breath and the body, feeling the ground beneath your feet, and releasing thoughts instead of grabbing them. […]


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Time: December 23, 2009, 10:30 pm

[…] How to Do Walking Meditation […]


Comment from Laura L.Ac
Time: January 30, 2010, 5:31 pm

Thank you for this. I just recommended it to a friend whose looking for balance in her stressful life. I will be sure to bookmark your link and share it with others.

Be Well,



Comment from Ernst
Time: February 28, 2010, 12:08 am

Thank you for the nice page. I have shared the concept with others that may not know of the Walking Meditation.
Meditation in General is such a good development skill for the human mind I just can’t say enough and so I won’t.


Comment from Linda
Time: May 4, 2010, 9:44 pm

Can walking meditation be done at a moderate walking pace (target heart rate range approximately 50 – 70% of maximum heart rate) or is it designed for a slow walking pace? Is there a recommendation for how many times a week walking meditation should be done?

Thanks –


Comment from Bodhipaksa
Time: May 5, 2010, 9:43 am

Hi Linda,

People make running into a meditation practice — keeping awareness in the body, letting go of random trains of thought, etc — so walking in the way you suggest could certainly work as a meditation. There is a certain kind of intensity that comes from walking very slowly, however, and it might be helpful to do some slow walking in order to feel your way into the practice.

There’s no particular recommendation for frequency. I used to live in a town where I walked everywhere, and I’d make almost every walk into a practice. You can’t do it too often!

All the best,


Comment from Leigh
Time: July 15, 2010, 5:34 am

Very helpful. Thank you. I’m just researching meditation and Buddhism and I will use this technique today. Great site too :)


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Time: September 5, 2010, 12:19 am

[…] Walking meditation: This practice, popularized by the venerable teacher Thich Nhat Hanh, is another wonderful practice for beginners. As you walk, pay attention to each step. You can name each step, thinking of it as “peace” or “happiness.” When your mind wanders, return to experience the sensation of your heel, foot, toes, meeting the ground with each step. […]


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Comment from Vicky Saha
Time: December 6, 2010, 2:28 pm

I think it will help me to concentrate and control my mind….Thanks a lot…


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[…] Walking meditation […]


Comment from Divi
Time: June 11, 2012, 4:04 pm

Thank you for giving me this fine option for calming the mind and spirit, something I and those obsessed with “the world” very much need. I enjoy walking for regular exercise anyway; now I can look at walking in this new light and practice meditative walking. Thank you again; I appreciate this being online for me to read and consider. :)


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Time: June 23, 2012, 11:50 am

[…] you just do it. And as your mind is given less to do, the body’s wisdom takes over. A “walking meditation,” especially in nature, can lessen the wandering thoughts and allow the inspiration of the […]


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[…] isn’t just a convenient mode of zig-zagging across town! Walking meditation is a brilliant way to work a little mindfulness into your daily routine, and going on a magical […]


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Time: May 23, 2013, 10:55 am

[…] meditation, called kinhin in the Zen tradition, practitioners move slowly and continuously while staying aware of the body and mind. For this form of meditation, use good posture (just like seated meditation), take deep […]


Comment from Big C
Time: June 14, 2013, 9:30 pm

It’s very detailed and helpful, but I can’t help but ask did the Buddha ever do walking meditation, and was it really all this complicated?


Comment from Bodhipaksa
Time: June 14, 2013, 9:55 pm

Yes, the Buddha did and taught walking meditation. And what’s described here isn’t complicated. One simply pays mindful and kindly attention to one’s experience while walking. If just so happens that there’s a lot of different aspects of our experience to pay attention to. If you want complicated, check out something like the Satipatthana Sutta :)


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Time: July 14, 2013, 3:01 am

[…] meditation, called kinhin in the Zen tradition, practitioners move slowly and continuously while staying aware of the body and mind. For this form of meditation, use good posture (just like seated meditation), take deep […]


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Time: October 3, 2013, 4:01 am

[…] When you take your first step, be aware of your feet hitting the ground, with the sole of your foot landing first followed by the rest of the feet. This is a great practice to strengthen your awareness muscle even when your at work, at university or just walking around the home. For a more detailed explanation, check out this article. […]


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[…] Ideally, before your 15 minutes is up, you will have found a balance between your awareness of internal and external happenings. Your mind and body will feel at peace. For a more detailed meditation guide, click here. […]


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[…] moving, become aware of the body as you stand still. Then, walk at a slow/medium pace. Focus on each step and how the breath travels throughout the body. The […]

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